There is a lot to be done at the start of your business development. Let us first congratulate you on the decision to step into the business world. Our Toronto startup lawyer can set up the right business structure, draft strong contracts, and secure the appropriate legal protections to help you get organized, raise money, and gain credibility to expand your business.
An Important Step One – Startup Stage
Choose the type of business form that best helps achieve your business goals from legal, tax and early-stage investment perspectives. Understand your options and secure a valued opinion by consulting with Fauri Law – right from step one.
Drafting the Right Documents
At Fauri Law, we work closely with you to prepare documents that will set your business up for success and provide clear guidance in the future. These documents include:
- Articles of incorporation
- Organizational Resolutions of the first board of directors
- Shareholders’ Resolutions – Organizational Resolutions
- Shareholder agreements
Seed and Growth Stage
We offer a full complement of services for companies at the seed and growth stage:
- Share Purchase Agreements and Share Issuances
- Founders Agreements
- Shareholder Agreement
- Term Sheets, Letter of Intent and Memoranda of Understanding (MOU)Commercial agreements
- Commercial Agreements
- Confidentiality and Proprietary Rights (IP) Agreement (Employer Employee)
- Technology- based agreements
- Projects, joint ventures and strategic alliances
- Promissory Note Financings and SAFE documents
- Venture capital, debt, or equity financing matters
- Employment-related documents, including consulting, and stock option agreements.
- Business disputes
- Ongoing company management, which include annual Compliance, online minutes book, and automated corporate organizational resolutions
We can also help clients obtain and provide services, procure and sell products and assets, and license their intellectual properties. We also act as your General Counsel On-Demand. We have the experience and know-how to help get your business to the next level. We’ll show you – let’s start a conversation about your business goals.
Raising money by issuing new shares (equity) is the typical way of raising funds for startups. At this stage of business, we also help companies raise capital and have experience working with angel investors, venture capitalists, and private equity firms. The most important part of all of the fund-raising process is to close the deal, raise the money, and get back to running your business.
Experienced Toronto Startup Lawyer You Can Trust
As a startup and business lawyer, Khaled El Fauri, is uniquely suited to understand clients’ needs and effectively manage the legal issues that impact their businesses. A successful entrepreneur himself, he was the co-founder of Oxygen Global Energy, the first solar power company in Jordan under the so-called wheeling structure. Oxygen Global Energy was recognized by Venture Magazine in 2016 for its innovative solutions in providing end-users with clean electricity.
Let’s incorporate your business, draft a shareholders’ agreement and protect your intellectual property so that you can get organized, raise money and gain credibility to expand your business. At Fauri Law, we know what it takes to build a successful business.
- Meridian Credit Union, a leading financial institution in Toronto, in a share subscription transaction in FinTech Startup that includes legal due diligence, software licensing, drafting of transactional documents and securities law compliance on matters such as private issuer and exemptions from prospectus.
- Motusbank, a federally chartered online bank in Toronto, in standardizing the terms and conditions of the bank’s cloud-based services, including Saas agreements, software licensing agreements, click-wrap agreements, and other technology-related agreements for the use of the bank’s online users.
- Fincantieri, the largest naval shipbuilding group in the world, in naval ship IP design agreements, transfer of technology and licensing agreements negotiated and signed with several armed forces in the Middle East region to protect Fincantiari’s intellectual property rights.
- Infrastructure Ontario‘s Request for Proposal Documents (RFPs) of the Go-Rail Expansion Project.
- Infrastructure Ontario‘s Go-Rail Expansion project agreement, a single fully integrated contract using the Design-Build-Finance-Operate-Maintain (DBFOM) model.
- Infrastructure Ontario’s Transit Oriented Communities (TOC) project agreements including term sheets, joint ventures, construction lease and option agreements with developers to jointly build mixed-use developments as part of Ontario Line subway project.
- Infrastructure Ontario‘s Real estate matters such as expropriations/ collect and compete, land acquisition and disposition.
- Jordan Aviation’s major shareholder in an airline company, to conclude a US$10 million share acquisition transaction.
- Jordan Aviation, in its set-up of an aviation fund of US$30 million. Established fund company, management and sponsor companies. Prepared investment management agreement and subscription agreement. Moreover, drafted dry lease contracts for aircrafts as part of the fund transaction.
- Fincantieri, in the negotiation of a joint venture transaction with Al Zamil Shipyard in KSA for the design and construction of several offshore vessels and building of facilities for military and offshore vessels in the new King Abdul Aziz Port in KSA.
- National Holding, in the acquisition by a German firm (Knauf) to 51% stake in National Holding’s subsidiary.
- National Holding, in a joint venture transaction with Vivartia, a Greek holding group based in Athens.
- National Holding, in a US$36 million acquisition by Qatari sovereign wealth fund to National Holding’s shares in a Steel Factory in Egypt.
- National Holding, in a US$40 million capitalization in a home appliances factory in Jordan, with ownership restructuring.
- Dubai Bank and Dubai Holding, a global conglomerate and sovereign wealth fund of the government of Dubai and its ruling family, in producing a due diligence report and structuring advise in respect of a US$300 million cross-border acquisition/ privatization in a state-owned Jordanian Bank.
- Dubai Holding in producing four separate legal due diligence reports with respect to acquisition transactions totaling close to US$200 million in Eastern investment group holding UK, International Energy Management Company, Jordan Airline Training and Simulation (JATS) and Jordanian Flight and Catering Services Company (Subsidiary of Alpha Co. -UK);
- Kuwait National Bank in producing a due diligence report with respect to acquisition transaction in Bank Al Etihad in Jordan.
- National Holding, in several international procurement and sale of goods contracts and trade between countries that involved contract drafting and other banking documentations such as letter of credits, bank guarantees and other documents for shipping and handling of goods based on Incoterms Rules.
- Fincantieri as part of the in-house legal team, in closing a US$5.6 billion naval shipbuilding contract signed with the Qatari Navy in 2016.
- Fincantieri as part of the in-house legal team, in the negotiation of US$ multi-billion procurement contracts, to equip and arm newly ordered warships, with suppliers such as Airbus, Raytheon, MBDA, Rolls-Royce, Thales and Leonardo.
- Eagle Hills, a leading real estate developer, in several hotels operation agreements with Marriott Inc to license the operation of several (5) stars hotels and resorts in the Middle East region including St. Regis Hotel and residences, W Hotel & Residences and Westin Hotel.
- Engie, a French multinational power company, to structure the set- up and finance of a 150 MW solar power project in Jordan.
- Fincantieri, in closing a complex “Engineering, Procurement and Construction” contract for a military shipyard in the UAE and related joint venture contract for the management and operation.
- Fincantieri in a US$250 million refitting contracts of naval units (ISS, FOS, ILS) with several naval forces in the Middle East.
- National Holding, in several international procurement and sale of goods contracts and trade between countries that involved banking arrangements such as letter of credits, bank guarantees and other documents for shipping and handling goods.
- National Holding in the setup, design and construction of Greenfield cable factory in Algeria.
- Damac Properties in providing contract drafting to construction, consultancy, plot and unit SPA related to US$ multi-billion real estate projects in Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, KSA and the UK based on FIDIC, NEC and bespoke forms of contract.
- Damac Properties as part of the inhouse legal team, in the negotiation of a US$ 250 million construction contract with Arabtec Holding to construct Damac’s 90 floors tower (Ocean Heights in Dubai Marina) in Dubai, UAE.
What are the principal pros and cons of forming a federal corporation in Canada?
Incorporation under the Canada Business Corporations Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-44 (CBCA) provides the following advantages:
- A CBCA corporation can carry on business as of right across Canada. This includes the right to enter and carry-on business in any Canadian province or territory under its corporate name (section 15(2), CBCA).
- CBCA incorporation provides a common legal platform known throughout Canada (with the greatest recognition internationally).
- The CBCA includes a highly flexible statutory arrangement provision (section 192, CBCA).
- The CBCA no longer contains financial assistance restrictions (whether related-party or share purchase).
About 50% of the largest 200 non-financial corporations in Canada are incorporated under the CBCA.
Incorporation under the CBCA has the following disadvantages:
- At least 25% of the directors must be resident Canadians (section 105(3), CBCA). A higher proportion applies in some industries (section 105(3.1), CBCA).
- A CBCA corporation does not qualify for flow-through treatment under the US Internal Revenue Code.
- The CBCA prohibits a:
- Subsidiary from acquiring shares in its parent corporation.
- Parent corporation from allowing its subsidiary to hold shares in the parent.
- Unless it obtains an exemption from the Director under section 151(1) of the CBCA, a CBCA corporation must solicit proxies if it has more than 50 registered shareholders even if it is not a reporting issuer.
What are the principal pros and cons of forming a corporation in Ontario?
Incorporation under the Ontario Business Corporations Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16 (OBCA) provides the following advantages:
- It is generally easier to clear a corporate name under the OBCA than under the Canada Business Corporations Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-44 (CBCA).
- OBCA incorporation avoids the additional cost of filing an annual return under the CBCA (although the annual return may be filed electronically under the CBCA for only $20 a year).
- A CBCA corporation must solicit proxies where it has more than 50 registered shareholders (while an OBCA non-offering corporation is not required to solicit proxies regardless of the number of registered shareholders).
- Professional corporations for lawyers, paralegals, public accountants, medical doctors, dentists, veterinarians and social workers practicing in Ontario are only available under the OBCA.
- The OBCA no longer contains financial assistance restrictions (whether related-party or share purchase).
Incorporation under the OBCA has the following disadvantages:
- Incorporation under the OBCA offers little name protection within, and no name protection outside, Ontario.
- The incorporation fee for articles of incorporation filed electronically under the OBCA is $300 (compared with $200 to file electronically under the CBCA).
- Like a CBCA corporation, an OBCA corporation does not qualify for flow-through treatment under the US Internal Revenue Code. Only Alberta, British Columbia and Nova Scotia have types of unlimited liability corporations that qualify.
- At least 25% of the members of the board of directors must be resident Canadian as defined in the OBCA (section 118(3), OBCA), which is also the minimum requirement under the CBCA but not under the laws of the territories and several sister provinces including British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Québec).
- Except in rare circumstances, the OBCA prohibits:
- a subsidiary from acquiring shares in its parent corporation; or
- a parent corporation from allowing a subsidiary to hold its shares.
Are there any limits on the classes or series of shares that can be issued?
Corporations cannot generally impose restrictions on the issue of shares of any class or series, unless the restrictions are authorized by its articles. However, a unanimous shareholder agreement may impose controls on the issue of shares
Shares of series of the same class must participate ratably in respect of the payment of arrears of cumulative dividends, declared non-cumulative dividends and return of capital on dissolution or liquidation, if these claims are not paid in full (section 25(2) and (3), Business Corporations Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. B.16). Any other restrictions on a class or series of shares must be set out in the articles or a unanimous shareholder agreement.